"In Buddhism we have the concept of wholesome and unwholesome tendencies, both in thought and action. Wholesome tendencies – such as self-confidence, heedfulness, and concentration – lead to physical and moral well-being and ethical actions;
unwholesome tendencies – such as distraction, carelessness, thoughtlessness, and forgetfulness – result in suffering and harm and can, therefore, be seen as unethical.
... An important point is that wholesome and unwholesome actions and thoughts are mutually exclusive: a person cannot be angry and calm at the same time or concentrated and distracted at the same time.
... If we combine the wholesome and unwholesome factors in mutually exclusive pairs (e.g., calmness and anger), it becomes easy to see which we should get rid of – eject – and which one to put in its place.
... Humility ejects unjustified pride, inflated self-esteem, conceit, and arrogance
... Consideration and active concern for the well-being of others eject not considering possible harm to others
... Equanimity... evenness of emotion ...
ejects craving for power, wealth and fame;
ejects dejection or worry when failing to reach objectives or experiencing disappointments;
ejects hatred, anger, wrath, resentment, spite, envy, and jealousy
... Kindness ejects indifference, hostility, irritability, ill humor, and dislike
... Vigor replaces dullness or mind or sloth
... Flexibility and an open mind eject fanaticism and blind faith."
His Holiness the Dalai Lama and L. van den Muyzenberg, The Leader’s Way, New York: Broadway Books, 2009, Ch. 2.